The factor of intuitive art activities for restoration of the lost harmonious unity of the person and environment dominates mainly during the pre-capitalistic period. Purposeful creation in the nature is not characteristic for this stage of social development. Backwardness of a social production, a neraschlenennost in interactions of society and the nature causes nature limited integrity in pre-capitalistic formations." In all forms of society where the landed property dominates, still the relations determined by the nature" prevail, – K. Marx writes. The level of knowledge of the nature which is also caused by prevalence of agricultural production focuses mankind on utilitarian knowledge, leaving in a shadow its esthetic value. Therefore the first not numerous works of nature creativity solve first of all practical problems and only then esthetic. Semiramis's gardens of ancient Babylon – a unique architectural construction on which terraces collections of wood and shrubby plants were collected are that. They had first of all climatic and ecological value and only in long evolution of esthetic requirements of mankind became a prototype of hanging gardens as art genre.
Along with the creative activity of people directed on preservation and further enrichment of environment also collision of the developing industrial industry with the nature which is of esthetic value that generates conflict situations which can be not always solved in favor of the last takes place presently. Therefore there is a need for idea of compensation which reflects discretization of the objective content of concept of preservation. It is possible to allocate three main ways of compensation of the destroyed nature acting into the forefront during various historical periods: self-restoration of the nature, intuitive art activity of the person natural means and purposeful processes of creation cultural and decorating of a landscape. They reflect knowledge level the person of the nature, its creative transformation and are connected both with nature of environmental management, and with the social organization of society.
There are new forms of creatively transformed, artificially issued nature. Separate forms of sadovoparkovy art become independent part of a city landscape, finding a tendency to further evolution on the basis of other functional value. There is a formation of a special dendrodekoratsionny genre in system of nature creative activity which has further strong impact on registration of rural regions.
Promotion into the forefront of a landscape and artly transformed flora as esthetic value strengthens possibilities of searches of the most various options of transformations of environment, up to their inclusion in the production processes connected with industrial development of the geobiosphere. The habitual picture where rare oases separate gardens look, parks, reserves, is replaced by culturally issued agricultural regions, numerous small and big forms of creatively transformed nature. However private form of ownership on the earth, absence of plan, spontaneity of housekeeping serve as the serious limiter of further improvement of nature creative activity of society in general.
Actually processes of self-restoration of the nature as part of the general process of preservation are inherent also in later periods of human culture. So, on rather competent source – to "Notes about moskovitsky affairs", active deforestation went the made Austrian envoy of the XVI century Gerberstein, in the period of the basis and development of Moscow in the next vicinities. At the same time the natural boundaries, reserves which are today a peculiar chronicle of change of a vegetable cover which did not lose esthetic value were left.
The idea of a continuum of the landscape sphere and live world finds confirmation in works of evolutionists L.S. Berg, A.G. Gurvich, A.A. Lyubishchev. Among geographers come to a conclusion that in a landscape discretization and a kontinualnost is combined. V. S. Preobrazhensky considers that as in the nature of gradual transitions it is much more, than sharp, and discrete borders, as a rule, do not form the closed contours, and the lower and top geospheres in most cases change gradually, it is necessary to recognize that the landscape sphere in general is continual.